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Fanconi syndrome

Diagnosis and management of Fanconi syndrome in pediatric patients

Hereditary and acquired causes of Fanconi syndrome

Inherited Acquired
Arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction, cholestasis (ARC) syndrome Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) syndrome
Cystinosis Anorexia nervosa
Dent disease Autoimmune interstitial nephritis and membranous nephropathy
Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), if untreated
Fanconi-Bickel syndrome Exogenous substances: drugs, chemical compounds, heavy metals
Galactosemia Kidney transplantation
Glycogen storage disease type 1 (von Gierke disease) Myeloma
Hereditary fructose intolerance Nephrotic syndrome
Lowe syndrome Sjögren syndrome
Lysinuric protein intolerance
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
Microvillus inclusion disease
Mitochondrial diseases
NaPi-IIa deficiency
Tyrosinemia type I
Wilson disease